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Introducing Feodosia - History Guide
The name of this city - Feodosia - reaches out over more than 26 centuries.
Only Feodosia among all the cities of the Northern Black Sea costal region has preserved its antique name. This antique town was founded on the verge of the 6th century BC by the natives of the region of Asia Minor Milet. Soon a new city state with convenient harbor situated on the fertile land had changed into an important center of Mediterranean trade. The city received the name Feodosia ('given by God') in the first half of the 4 th century BC. By that time it had become the part of the Bospor Kingdom. The further stage in the history of antique Feodosia was connected with Greek barbaric Bospor Power. Feodosia was one of the main centers of grain trade of Bospor. According to a legend an apprentice of Jesus Christ Andrei Pervosvanny had visited the city. The last record of antique Feodosia refers to the middle of the 1st century A.D.
We have the evidence of contemporaries that in 5-6 centuries the city was called Ardabda 'The city of seven Gods'. And further narration of the history of the city refers to the 13th century when Genoa founded its trading station in the place of antique Feodosia. And the new city was renamed Kaffa by the name of its area. Foreign property of Genoa connected Western Europe, ancient Russian lands and Eastern countries. In the 14* century Kaffa became the capital of Black Sea costal property of Genoa, the biggest city in theNorthern Black Sea costal region, in which a few tens of thousands of people lived. By 1318 Kaffa had become the center of catholic eparchy, and at the beginning of the 14' century an Armenian-Gregorian bishop was positioned there.
In 1475 the former Genoese property in Crimea passed to the power of the Osman Empire. Kaffa (Kefe, 'Kuchuk-Stambul', 'Yarym-Stambul', 'Crimea-Stambul', Kefa), the biggest Crimean city and important economical and cultural center of the region became the capital of Osman property on the peninsular.
At the beginning of the 17th century the city became one of the main centers of Gothic Orthodox eparchy. In 1771 during the years of Russian-Turkish warfare Kaffa was conquered by Russian forces.
In the 70-80 years of the 18th century the residence of the last Crimean khan Shagin-Girey was situated there. In 1783 the city became part of the Russian Empire. In 1784 the name of the city reverted to the ancient Greek name 'Feodosia'.
At the beginning of the 19th century the city experienced a short period of impetuous evolution in the area of Feodosian authorities. But on the whole, this century was not very successful for Feodosia. True prosperity was achieved only after building a railway station in 1892 and a sea port in the middle of 1890. By the 20lh century Feodosia had become one of the prominent sea ports of the Russian Empire and significant amounts of trade flowed through this important Northern Black Sea costal region.
In the 19th century the city turned into one of the cultural centers, in 1811 a Feodosian museum of antiquity was opened. Now it is the oldest museum in the area of modern Ukraine. In 1880 an Art Gallery showcasing the world famous marine painter I.K.Aivazovsky started to welcome its first visitors. In the second half of the 19th century Feodosia had become not only an educational center with a lot of educational institutions, but also a sea health resort of moderate cost. But as a genuine health resort it fully developed only in the 20lh century.
Feodosia keeps antique remains under the modern city, and somewhere in the city there are still medieval towers and ancient temples, a lot of monuments and memorable places.
In the Soviet period Feodosia was the part of Crimean Autonomous Republic and Crimean region of RSFR and USSR. In the second half of the 20th century Feodosia became an important scientific center.
Today's Feodosia is the part of the Crimean Autonomous Republic, the greatest administrative, economic, scientific, cultural and historical center of South-Eastern Crimea, important Black Sea harbor of Ukraine and transport junction and health resort. The names of many prominent people are connected with Feodosia.
The city museum connects different epochs, this, proud to be the National Art Gallery of great marine painter Aivazovsky and unique literary museum of romantic writer Alexander Green and Feodosian regional museum, one of the ancient museums of Europe.
Eternally young, Feodosia is one of the ancient cities of Europe, the history of which numbers 25 centuries.
Feodosia Guide - Things to see and do in Feodosia
You also may be interested in Feodosia Maps showing the location of Feodosia in relation to Europe and the Crimea.
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